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Fotokor 1

Fotokor 1 is the first Soviet large format camera. This is a folding plate “universal” camera of 9×12 format with a double bellows extension, the creation of which began in 1928.

In fact, this is the first Soviet mass camera – for 11 years of production (from 1930 to 1941 inclusive) more than 1 million copies were produced.

Fotokor camera

The Fotokor camera was equipped with Anastigmat Ortagoz f4.5/135 mm lenses, (in some recent releases, an Industar-2 f4.5/135 mm Tessar type lens was used).

Like other similar cameras, the feature of Fotokior is the ability to move the lens in the rack in horizontal and vertical directions.

Fotokor soviet large format camera

The camera was equipped with a GOMZ shutter. The shutter design was developed by Soviet engineers based on the German Vario shutter.

It is a classic central inter-lens shutter without pre-cocking with shutter speeds of 1/25, 1/50 and 1/100 of a second, as well as “K” (the shutter is open while the shutter button is pressed) and “D” (the first press of the shutter button opens the shutter, the second – closes). The production of GOMZ shutters began in 1932.

The first series of the camera was equipped with imported Compur shutters with speeds of 1, 1/2, 1/5, 1/10, 1/25, 1/50, 1/100 and 1/200 as well as B and T or also imported, but cheaper Vario shutters with shutter speeds of 1/25, 1/50, and 1/100, B and T.

The camera’s focusing system uses ground glass located on the back of the Fotokor body. Focusing can also be done using the distance scale.

Cameras of this type in the Soviet Union were called universal, as they could be used both for pavilion shooting and for shooting on the street. In addition, using the Fotocor 1 camera, it was possible to take macro shots by double stretching the bellows.

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